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Harnessing Happiness for Sustainable Success: The Vital Role of Corporate Social Responsibility

In the quest for a sustainable and prosperous future, the convergence of happiness, corporate social responsibility (CSR), and organisational culture emerges as a pivotal force. Recent scholarly endeavours underscore the importance of integrating happiness into the corporate paradigm, not merely as an abstract concept but as a strategic tool driving innovation, productivity, and competitive advantage. This article delves into research outlined in a special issue of Management Decision (Vol. 62 No. 2, 2024), which illuminated the transformative power of happiness in fostering a culture of sustainability and responsibility within organisations and their broader consumer base.

The Evolution of Happiness in Scientific Discourse

Historically confined to philosophy, the study of happiness has traversed the boundaries of various scientific disciplines, evolving into a multifaceted subject of empirical investigation. From sociology and psychology to politics and economics, an expansive body of knowledge enriches our understanding of happiness (Rela et al., 2020; Nuñez-Barriopedro et al., 2020). Central to this idea is the duality of happiness — external and internal. At the same time, the former is contingent upon objective conditions such as material wealth and consumption, and the latter thrives on subjective internal states (Gutiérrez-Rodríguez et al., 2024; Yoshida et al., 2021).

Corporate Social Responsibility: A Catalyst for Happiness

The special issue spotlights an essential shift in the corporate world — recognising CSR as a catalyst for promoting happiness among employees and consumers alike. Although underexplored, this link between CSR and happiness holds significant promise for organisations striving towards sustainability and social responsibility. By fostering a workplace culture anchored in positive psychology, commitment, and teamwork, companies can enhance employee satisfaction and productivity, thereby contributing to a sustainable economy (Jiménez-Marín et al., 2020; García-Sánchez et al., 2021).

Scholarly contributions within the issue offer compelling evidence of how happiness and CSR intersect. For instance, the empirical study by Gutiérrez-Rodríguez et al. (2024) on consumer engagement within the fashion industry reveals that happiness significantly influences purchase intentions, emphasising the role of happiness management as a determinant of brand success. Similarly, research by Ahumada-Tello and Ramos (2024) demystifies the impact of management practices on the happiness and productivity of university professors in Mexico, highlighting the broader implications of fostering a happy, engaged workforce.



How supply chain transparency can help the planet

Markus Mutz | TED@BCG Mumbai• September 2019


The Journey Towards Green Supply Chain Management

In today's world, where corporate social responsibility, employee satisfaction, and environmental consciousness hold significant importance, businesses are increasingly shifting towards sustainable practices. The "Transformation of Supply Chain Management to Green Supply Chain Management: Certain Investigations for Research and Applications" study highlights this significant transition, emphasising the evolution from traditional supply chain models that prioritise efficiency and cost minimisation to green supply chain management (GSCM) that focuses on environmental stewardship and sustainability. This change is crucial for companies aiming to implement a more holistic approach to corporate social responsibility, enhance employee happiness, and contribute to a greener future.

The Imperative for Change

The traditional supply chain model, with its core focus on efficiency, cost reduction, and speed, often fails to address the pressing issues of environmental degradation. This model's oversight of pollution, waste generation, and resource depletion necessitates a comprehensive shift towards GSCM. This evolution responds to regulatory pressures and growing consumer demand for sustainable products. It recognises sustainability's strategic advantage in today's highly competitive market.

Empirical Insights on Transitioning to GSCM

Through a detailed analysis, the study presents compelling evidence of the business drive towards GSCM, catalysed by regulatory mandates, heightened consumer awareness, and the tangible benefits of incorporating sustainability into the supply chain. It provides examples of organisations that have reduced their environmental footprint through energy-efficient operations, sustainable material usage, and robust recycling efforts.

The Multifaceted Benefits of GSCM

The study provides crucial insight into the array of benefits stemming from GSCM adoption. These benefits transcend environmental conservation, revealing significant cost savings, enhanced corporate reputation, and improved financial standing as direct by-products of sustainable supply chain practices. Businesses that pivot to GSCM find themselves better equipped to satisfy regulatory criteria and consumer expectations, paving the way for increased market share and fostering customer loyalty.

Strategies for GSCM Implementation

Transitioning to GSCM demands a strategic, phased approach. Businesses are urged to evaluate their existing operations thoroughly, pinpoint areas ripe for improvement, and embark on a stepwise strategy towards sustainability. It is recommended to initiate with easily achievable milestones—like curbing energy expenditure and minimising waste—before advancing to more complex sustainability redesigns.

Navigating Challenges on the Path to Sustainability

The journey towards GSCM has challenges, with initial costs, technological needs, and organisational resistance standing out. However, the study clarifies how to overcome these obstacles through governmental incentives, innovation, and cultivating a culture invested in sustainability values within organisations.

A Glimpse into the Broader Impact of GSCM

The study further delves into integrating social and ethical considerations in managing supply chains, emphasising equitable labour practices, community engagement, and ethical sourcing. These practices minimise carbon footprints and foster inclusivity, transparency, and accountability in supply chain management, aligning with broader social goals.

The comprehensive research articulated in "Transformation of Supply Chain Management to Green Supply Chain Management: Certain Investigations for Research and Applications" is an essential blueprint for companies eager to embrace sustainable practices. This transition is crucial for environmental conservation and a cornerstone for unlocking new growth avenues and achieving competitive supremacy. As businesses navigate the evolving marketplace, GSCM emerges as a distinguishing factor for organisations committed to sustainability and operational excellence.


corporate social responsibility | DPS Consulting NZ
Corporate Social Responsibility, driving business success and employee happiness

Crafting a Sustainable Future

Incorporating ethics and social ideals into the fabric of supply chain management empowers companies to mitigate their environmental impact and amplify their contribution to societal well-being, enhancing employee and consumer happiness. From ethical material sourcing and labour practices to consumer education and transparent reporting, the path to GSCM is paved with opportunities to foster a more sustainable, equitable, and prosperous world.


Six strategies for businesses to incorporate CSR into supply chain operations


1. Sustainable Sourcing

Begin at the source. Companies can prioritise suppliers who demonstrably commit to ethical practices, including sustainable resource extraction, fair labour policies, and minimal environmental impact. This step ensures that the raw materials and services procured align with CSR objectives and encourages suppliers to adopt sustainable practices.

2. Enhance Supplier Engagement

Developing solid relationships with suppliers is critical to successfully integrating CSR. This involves regular communication, setting clear expectations for ethical behaviour, and offering support or resources to help suppliers meet these expectations. Conducting workshops or training sessions focused on CSR can equip suppliers with the knowledge and skills they need to improve their operations.

3. Implement Green Logistics

Opt for eco-friendly logistics. This could mean selecting transportation methods that minimise carbon emissions, such as electric or hybrid vehicles, optimising routes to reduce fuel consumption, or consolidating shipments to decrease the trips required. Additionally, investing in reusable, recyclable, or biodegradable packaging can significantly reduce waste.

4. Foster Transparency and Accountability

Transparency in the supply chain is crucial for CSR. Businesses can achieve this by implementing traceability systems that track products from origin to sale. Sharing this information with consumers can enhance trust and loyalty. Likewise, holding regular audits and requiring suppliers to provide reports on their sustainability practices encourages accountability.

5. Embrace Fair Trade Practices

Adopting fair trade principles ensures that the workers and farmers producing the goods receive fair wages and work under decent conditions. This can be implemented by purchasing from certified fair trade producers or by setting up direct trading relationships committed to fair wages and working conditions, thus supporting local communities and economies.

6. Promote Circular Economy Principles

Moving towards a circular economy model can significantly enhance a company's CSR profile. This involves designing products for longevity, facilitating repair and refurbishment, and ultimately recycling materials at the end of the product life cycle. Businesses can integrate circular economy principles into their supply chains by collaborating with suppliers and partners who prioritise these values.

By integrating these strategies into their supply chain, businesses can contribute positively to society and the environment and experience enhanced brand reputation and customer loyalty and potentially realise cost savings through more efficient and sustainable operations. Corporate social responsibility is not just about doing good; it's about doing well by all stakeholders involved, from suppliers to end consumers.

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